- Bombing of Dresden
type: anniversary location: Germany (Dresden)
The bombing of Dresden, which lasted from 13 to 15 February 1945, is one of the most controversial events of the Second World War. Dresden was northern Germany’s cultural centre, and as such was neither important to German wartime production nor a major industrial center. After the massive attack of the British and US bombers which had dropped hundreds of thousands of explosives, the city was turned into a complete ruin. The number of civilian victims is uncertain, but estimated around 25,000.
- Outbreak of Polish-Bolshevik War
The war between Soviet Russia and the Second Polish Republic started on 14 February 1919 and lasted until 1921. The war threatened Poland's existence as an independent state, but it ended with Polish victory and a formal peace treaty, the Peace of Riga, signed on 18 March 1921.
The decisive victory for Poles which proved to be a turning point for the whole war was the battle of Warsaw, which took place in August 1920. 15 August is celebrated annualy as a national holiday of Armed Forces Day of Poland.
- Creation of Visegrád Group
The Visegrád Group, also called the Visegrád Four, or V4 was established on 15 February 1991. It is an alliance of four Central European states: Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia, for the purposes of strengthening their stability in the Central European region as well as advancing mutual cooperation in a number of fields, including military, economic and energy.
- End of the Soviet-Afghan war
The last Soviet troops left Afghanistan on 15 February 1989.
- Lithuanian Independence Day
The Act of Independence of Lithuania was signed on 16 February 1918, proclaiming the restoration of an independent State of Lithuania, governed by democratic principles, with Vilnius as its capital.