- Armenian Genocide
type: anniversary location: Armenia (-)
24 April 1915 is held as the starting date of the Armenian Genocide. There were about three million Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire at the end of the 19th century. After the outbreak of the WWI, the Turkish government began to suspect the loyality of the Armenians, who organized help for the Russian army fighting against the Turks. The government devised the plan to eliminate the Armenians from the territory of the Empire. Thus started one of the first modern genocides. It began with the methodical killing of the able-bodied male population, followed by the deportation of women, children and the elderly. The amount of Armenians that lost their lives during this period is estimated at between 600,000 and 1,5 million. In 1922, when the killings were over, only about 400,000 Armenians remained in the Ottoman Empire.
- Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster
The biggest nuclear catastrophe in history occured on 26 April, 1986, at Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant. It was mainly a result of obsolete soviet design of Reactor 4 and human errors. The accident took many lives and exposed the seriousness of soviet problems.
- Statement of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party
On 26 April 1964, the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party issues a statement stressing the equality of all communist parties. It is a symptom of Romania's long-held desire to be released from submission to the Soviets. It does not, however, lead to any progress in de-Stalinisation.
- Operation Vistula
type: anniversary location: Poland
On 28 April 1947 Operation Vistula was launched and lasted until 30 July. It was a forced resettlement of post-war Poland's Ukrainian minority (especially Boykos and Lemkos) from the south-eastern parts of Poland to the recovered territories. It was carried out by the Soviet installed communist authorities. The stated goal of the operation was to suppress the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UIA/UPA), which had been committing crimes on Poles in those south-eastern territories since 1943. The number of expelled is estimated at 140,000 or 150,000 persons.
- Liberation of Dachau concentration camp
- Execution of Herbert Belter
On 29 April 1951 Herbert Belter, founder and leader of the Leipzig student opposition group, which criticised the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) regime in their leaflets, is executed in Moscow.