- May uprising of the Czech people
- Flag on the Reichstag
One of the most famous pictures of the Second World War was taken on 2 May 1945, when Red Army photographer Yevgeni Khaldei (1917-1997) captured the image of a Red Army soldier raising the flag on the Reichstag in the last days of the Battle for Berlin.
Less well known is that the original picture was manipulated by the Soviet authorities to cover up any signs of plundering in Berlin. This was done because the soldier standing next to the person holding the flag was having a second watch on his wrist- at a time when watches were a rare and unaffordable commodity for Soviet people. Thus, the original photograph actually symbolizes an extra historical narrative.
- Change in leadership in GDR
There is a change in leadership in the GDR when Walter Ulbricht is replaced by Erich Honecker on 3 May 1970. His rule is initially characterised by the desire to improve living conditions and mitigate the ideological oppression of the citizens.
- Announcement of the Marshall Plan
Year 1947: announcement of the financial aid programme for the recovery of (Western) Europe - known as the Marshall Plan.