- Signing of the Warsaw Pact
type: anniversary location: Poland (Warsaw)
Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation, and Mutual Assistance known as The Warsaw Pact, was signed on 14 May 1955 in Warsaw. The Pact was a Soviet Union's reaction to accession of West Germany to NATO. It sanctioned subordination of the Eastern Bloc countries and their armies to the Soviet Union.
- Day of Civic Resistance in Lithuania
On this day in 1972 to protest against the Soviet system Romas Kalanta committed suicide by immolating himself in the park next to the musical theatre in Kaunas. He was buried in secret and defamed as mentally ill in the Soviet Union. His act of protest led to mass demonstrations in Kaunas resulting in at least 400 arrests.
- Austrian State Treaty
On 15 May 1955 the Four Powers sign the Austrian State Treaty, under which the country regains full sovereignty and becomes neutral. Occupation troops leave Austria.
- Day of the Constituent Assembly of Lithuania
On this day in 1920 the first democratically elected Lithuanian parliament gathered for the first time in Kaunas. They were to adopt the constitution of 1922 and other laws defining the further development of Lithuania.
- Free elections of 1990 in Romania
On this day in 1990 the first free elections since 1937 took place in Romania. The elections were held for both the Parliament and the President. The turnout was very high, approximately 86% of Romanians cast their vote. The big winner of the elections was the National Salvation Front, who took the majority of the seats in the Parliament and whose candidate, Ion Iliescu, became president.
These elections are surrounded by controversy, considering the Front was made up by politicians who formerly belonged to the Communist Party. This is why the day is sometimes referred to as "the Blind Man's Sunday".