Historical Anniversaries and Remembrance Days

June
2018
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25
Monday
  • June 1976 Protests
    type: anniversary

    On 24 June 1976 Prime Minister of Polish People's Republic Piotr Jaroszewicz announced a plan for a sudden increase in prices of food and other basic commodities. This led to protests all over Poland, with the most prominent strikes and demonstrations taking place in Radom, Płock, and Ursus district of Warsaw. The communist authorities deemed them to be ‘insignificant hooligan actions’, and the protests were brutally suppressed by the Citizen’s Militia. Mass arrests and dismissals followed. Protesters had difficulties to find employment, and those indicated as the leaders of the demonstrations were sentenced up to 10 years of imprisonment. As a result, the Workers Defense Committee (Komitet Obrony Robotników – KOR) was established by a group of Polish intellectuals with the aim to offer aid to those affected by the government crackdown.

26
Tuesday
27
Wednesday
  • Day of the victims of communist regime in Czech Republic
    type: anniversary
  • "Two Thousand Words" manifesto
    type: anniversary

    "Two Thousand Words" (Dva tisice slov) - a fiery manifesto by Czechoslovak intellectuals, which criticises the inconsistency of the Czechoslovak Communist Party in implementing reforms and denouncing the errors of socialism. It contributes to the radicalisation of the atmosphere in Czechoslovakia. The manifesto was announced on 27 June 1968.

28
Thursday
  • Outbreak of Poznań 1956 protests
    type: anniversary

    On 28 June 1956 a huge wave of protests of Polish workers against the government of the Polish People's Republic began. 

    >> Read more about the Poznań June

  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
    type: anniversary    location: Bosnia (Sarajevo)

    On 28 June 1914 the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie were shot dead in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, a young Bosnian Serb probably associated with the movement called Young Bosnia. 

    The assassination was a spark which caused the outbreak of the First World War. 

29
Friday
  • Iași Pogrom
    type: anniversary

    Considered one of the most violent pogroms in Jewish history, the Iași pogrom started on 27 June 1941 and lasted for three days, resulting in an estimated number of 13,000-15,000 Jews killed. The pogrom was conducted mostly by the local police, following an order given by Ion Antonescu. Apart from thousands of Jews being shot at the local police station, other thousands were put into death trains. Most of them would die because of dehydration and suffocation inside those trains.

30
Saturday
01
Sunday
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