- Fall of the Berlin Wall
type: anniversary location: Germany (Berlin)
The Berlin wall, a symbol of communism and division of Germany, falls. The cries of joy of the people who can cross the border on Berlin’s Bornholm street on the evening of 9 November 1989 still echoes today. The nightly images of the Wall at the Brandenburg Gate, with hundreds of people standing on it and celebrating, are unforgettable.
type: anniversary location: Germany/Austria (-)
Kristallnacht, the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria on 9–10 November 1938, carried out by SA paramilitary forces and non-Jewish civilians. At least 91 Jews were killed in the attacks, and 30,000 were arrested and incarcerated in concentration camps. German authorities looked on without intervening.
- Polish Independence Day
National Independence Day is celebrated every year on 11 November to commemorate the anniversary of Poland's resumption of independent statehood in 1918 after 123 years of partition by Russia, Prussia and Austria.