cover image of Europe on the Move: A Debate on the Centenary of the Treaty of Lausanne project

    Europe on the Move: A Debate on the Centenary of the Treaty of Lausanne

    1 December 2023, Bremerhaven, Germany

    Deutsches Auswandererhaus, Columbusstraße 65, 27568 Bremerhaven

    The debate will be in English with an option of simultaneous translation into German. [German version of the debate programme below]

    The year 2023 marks the centenary of the Treaty of Lausanne, which ended the Greco-Turkish War, legalizing past expulsion of both Greeks and Turks, and initiating the so called “population exchange” between Greece and Turkey. The treaty became also – by amending the Treaty of Sevres – the ultimate peace treaty to end the First World War.
    For all that, “Lausanne” marks an important date for the exhibition ‘After the Great War: A New Europe 1918–1923’, which since 2018 has been shown in a number of European cities, such as Prague, Sarajevo, Bratislava, Warsaw, Verdun, Berlin and Vienna.

    On the occasion of this year’s presentation of the exhibition in Bremen, the ENRS is staging a debate that will focus on the role of 20th century’s migration (history) in today’s collective European memory. The event will be located at the German Emigration Center in Bremerhaven, itself both a historical and memory site of European migration to overseas Countries in the 19th and 20th century.

    The Questions to be discussed are: How strongly are these historical incidents and experiences of migration inscribed in the memory and identity of successive generations co-creating the European community? How differently do forced and ‘voluntary’ migration (and its consequences) inscribe themselves into collective memory, in what respect, and why is there a difference in memory at all? Does the memory of migration divide or unite the memorating groups, and is the answer to this question dependent on whether the migration is forced or ‘voluntary’?


    The debate will include an introductory lecture and two panel discussions.

    The opening lecture aims to provide an overview of the most important types of migration that shaped European history in the 20th century. Afterwards it tries to resume the main impacts of migration on European societies from a 21st century point of view.

    The first panel discussion deals with forced migration resulting from wars, persecution and political decisions. However, they will be approached not so much from a factual perspective as from the point of view of their impact on the memory and subsequent actions of both the states and societies affected by them.

    The second panel discussion focuses on less politically controlled, more individually planned, 'voluntary' population movements. Triggered by a variety of factors such as economic, demographic or social reasons, these movements have had social, political and cultural significance, dynamically changing (to this day) the reality of all the countries of the continent, including those of the European Union, where freedom of movement has been defined as one of the foundations of the community.

    That selection of subjects to be discussed creates a rare perspective, although migration in its broadest sense has been one of the most characteristic phenomena in Europe’s social history for more than a century.

    Debate plan:
    Debate Moderator: Dr Bartosz Dziewanowski-Stefańczyk, ENRS; German Historical Institute, Warsaw, Poland

    14.00-14.20 – Opening of the debate
    Dr Simone Blaschka
    , Director of the German Emigration Centre Bremerhaven, Germany
    Prof. Jan Rydel, Pedagogical University of Cracow, Poland; member of the ENRS Steering Committee
    Dr Burkhard Olschowksy, Federal Institute for Culture and History of Eastern Europe (BKGE), Germany

    14.20-15.00 – Keynote Lecture: "People on the Move"? Re-Thinking Narratives and Concepts through the Reflexive Turn in Migration Research
    Prof. Christoph Rass, University of Osnabrück, Germany

    15.00-15.15 – coffee break

    15.15-17.15 – Panel 1: Forced Migrations
    Aneta Prymaka-Oniszk, Poland
    Dr Kristina Gedgaudaite, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Dr Kateryna Krakhmalova, University of Warsaw, Poland, Ukraine
    Prof. Stephan Lehnstaedt, Touro University, Berlin, Germany

    Moderation: Prof. Jan Rydel, Pedagogical University of Cracow, Poland; member of the ENRS Steering Committee

    17.15-17.45 – coffee break

    17.45-19.45 – Panel 2: Economic Migrations
    Dr Cecilia Bruzelius, University of Tübingen, Germany/the University of Copenhagen, Denmark
    Prof. Jussi Laine, University of Eastern Finland
    Prof. Sik Endre, Centre for Social Sciences, Institute for Sociology, Hungary
    Prof. Maciej Duszczyk, University of Warsaw, Poland
    Prof. Ayse Guveli, University of Warwick, United Kingdom
    Moderation: John Beauchamp, FreeRange Productions, Poland

    20.00 - dinner

    Click here for the debate programme in German


    Participation in the conference is free of charge but registration is obligatory. Click here


    Profile image of John Beauchamp Profile image of John Beauchamp

    John Beauchamp

    John Beauchamp is a Polish-British journalist and one of the most prominent English voices in Poland. He worked for Polish Radio for over a decade, and currently produces podcasts for the Polish Press Agency (PAP). He teaches journalism, and has also worked on a number of innovative audio projects in both Polish and English, including geolocated ‘soundwalks’ for He is one of the founders of Free Range Productions, an independent audio storytelling company. You can also hear his voice on the Warsaw subway. John shared his expertise during the study visit to Alsace.

    Profile image of Dr Cecilia Bruzelius Profile image of Dr Cecilia Bruzelius

    Dr Cecilia Bruzelius

    Cecilia Bruzelius is assistant professor of public administration and policy at the University of Copenhagen. Prior to this she was a junior professor at the Institute of Political Science at the Eberhard Karl’s University of Tübingen. She holds a doctorate in social policy from the University of Oxford. Her research focuses on the intersections of migration and social policy, with a focus on EU free movement and EU citizenship. Her most recent work is dedicated to the politics of emigration.

    Profile image of Prof. Maciej Duszczyk Profile image of Prof. Maciej Duszczyk

    Prof. Maciej Duszczyk

    Maciej Duszczyk is a researcher at the Centre for Migration Research and the Faculty of Political Science and International Studies, the University of Warsaw. He is chairman of the Council of the University of Gdansk for the term 2021–24. He was vice-rector for research at the University of Warsaw from 2016 to 2020. Between 2008 and 2011 he was a member of the team of strategic advisors to Prime Minister Donald Tusk, and between 2012 and 2014 he was chair of the team for the development of Polish migration policy in the Chancellery of the President of the Republic of Poland. Between 2014 and 2015, he was a visiting professor at the Martin Luther University in Halle-Wittenberg and the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena.

    Profile image of Dr Bartosz Dziewanowski-Stefańczyk Profile image of Dr Bartosz Dziewanowski-Stefańczyk

    Dr Bartosz Dziewanowski-Stefańczyk

    Bartosz Dziewanowski-Stefańczyk is a historian. He works at the scientific department of the Institute of the European Network Remembrance and Solidarity, where he curated the exhibition "After the Great War. New Europe 1918-1923”. He is also collaborator of the Institute of History of the Polish Academy of Sciences and a researcher at the German Historical Institute in Warsaw. His fields of research include Polish-German relations, textbooks, Polish foreign politics of memory and cultural diplomacy. His latest book publication: A New Europe, 1918–1923: Instability, Innovation, Recovery, eds. B. Dziewanowski-Stefańczyk, Jay Winter, London-New York: Routledge, 2022.

    Profile image of Dr Kristina Gedgaudaite Profile image of Dr Kristina Gedgaudaite

    Dr Kristina Gedgaudaite

    Kristina Gedgaudaite is a Marie Skłodowska-Curie postdoctoral fellow at the University of Amsterdam. Her research interests fall within the fields of cultural memory, migration, comics and graphic novels. Kristina holds a DPhil from the University of Oxford, and has held positions as a Marilena Laskaridis visiting research fellow at the University of Amsterdam and Mary Seeger O’Boyle postdoctoral fellow at Princeton University, NJ. Kristina's first monograph Memories of Asia Minor in Contemporary Greek Culture, examines the memories that shaped Asia Minor refugee identity, focusing on how they reverberate in present-day Greece. Her current project examines Greek comics and graphic novels as a site of artistic innovation and social critique.

    Profile image of Prof. Ayse Guveli Profile image of Prof. Ayse Guveli

    Prof. Ayse Guveli

    Ayse Guveli works in the Department of Sociology at the University of Warwick, researching inequalities, migration, religion and family. She has led international research projects, such as the ‘2000 Families: Migration Histories of Turks in Europe’, and has been published in a book on the intergenerational consequences of migration, looking at the socio-economic, family and cultural patterns of stability and change in Turkey and Europe. She received the ERC Consolidator grant (€2.75 million) to study the grandchildren of pioneer labour migrants in Europe. Guveli is an expert for the European Commission’s gender-equality unit.

    Profile image of Dr Kateryna Krakhmalova Profile image of Dr Kateryna Krakhmalova

    Dr Kateryna Krakhmalova

    Kateryna Krakhmalova is a Ukrainian lawyer, trainer, lecturer and migration expert, currently working as a postdoctoral co-investigator on a project about children and migration at the Centre of Migration Research, University of Warsaw. She holds bachelor and specialist degrees in law with honours (from the National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Kyiv); an LLM in human rights (from the Central European University, Budapest) and a PhD in law (from the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine for one of the first dissertations in Ukraine on the legal status of persons internally displaced by Russian aggression since 2014).

    Profile image of Dr Jussi P. Laine Profile image of Dr Jussi P. Laine

    Dr Jussi P. Laine

    Jussi P. Laine is a professor of multidisciplinary border studies at the Karelian Institute of the University of Eastern Finland. He is the president of the World Social Science Association and serves on the steering committee of the International Geographical Union’s Commission on Political Geography. From 2013 to 2021 he led the Association for Borderlands Studies, dedicated to the interchange of ideas and information relating to international border areas. By background Laine is a human geographer, yet his approach is influenced by international relations and geopolitics, political sociology, history, anthropology and psychology. He explores the multiscalar nature of borders, critiquing the relationship between state, territory, citizenship and identity construction.

    Profile image of Prof. Stephan Lehnstaedt Profile image of Prof. Stephan Lehnstaedt

    Prof. Stephan Lehnstaedt

    Since 2016 Stephan Lehnstaedt has been professor for Holocaust studies and Jewish studies at Touro University Berlin. He received his PhD from Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich (LMU) in 2008 and his habilitation (modern and contemporary history) from Technische Universität Chemnitz in 2016. From 2005 to 2009 he worked at the Institut für Zeitgeschichte, Munich, and from 2010 to 2016 at the German Historical Institute, Warsaw. As a visiting professor, he served at LMU (2008–10), at Humboldt University, Berlin, and at the London School of Economics (2013–14).

    Profile image of Aneta Prymaka-Oniszk Profile image of Aneta Prymaka-Oniszk

    Aneta Prymaka-Oniszk

    Aneta Prymaka-Oniszk is a journalist and writer. Having graduated from the University of Warsaw (Faculty of Journalism and Political Science), Prymaka-Oniszk specialises in memory issues in border areas with particular emphasis on minorities and excluded groups. Her reportage book Bieżeństwo 1915. Zapomniani uchodźcy (‘Bezhenstvo 1915: Forgotten Refugees’) started the process of restoring memory in the region and was translated into Belarusian and Ukrainian. She is also a founder of website.

    Profile image of Prof. Christoph Rass Profile image of Prof. Christoph Rass

    Prof. Christoph Rass

    Christoph Rass studied modern history, economic and social history as well as information science and graduated from Saarbrücken University in 1996. He completed his doctorate (2001) as well as his habilitation (2007) at the Faculty of Economics of RWTH Aachen University before joining the Historical Department and the Institute for Migration Research and Intercultural Studies (IMIS) at the University of Osnabrück in 2011, where he is a full Professor of Modern History and Historical Migration Studies since 2015. His recent Publications include International Migration, in: International Handbook of Political Science, ed. by Dirk Berg-Schlosser et al., (forthcoming) London 2020; (ed. with Frank Wolff and Andreas Pott) What is a Migration Regime?, Wiesbaden 2018; (with Julie Weise) Migrating Concepts: The transatlantic Origins of the Bracero Program, 1919-42, in American Historical Review (129/2024) - accepted for publication. Please find full information at

    Profile image of Prof. Jan Rydel Profile image of Prof. Jan Rydel

    Prof. Jan Rydel

    Pedagogical University, Kraków and the ENRS Steering Committee, Kraków

    Jan Rydel is a member of the ENRS Steering Committee and coordinates the Polish party in the ENRS. He is a historian specialising in Central and Eastern Europe and Polish-German relations in the 19th and 20th centuries. Until 2010 he was a researcher and a professor at Jagiellonian University and is currently a professor at the Pedagogical University of Cracow. Between 2001 and 2005 he headed the Office of Culture, Science and Information at the Polish Embassy in Berlin. He is a representative of Poland in the international bodies of the Bergen-Belsen Memorial and the Mauthausen-Gusen Memorial.

    Profile image of Prof. Endre Sik Profile image of Prof. Endre Sik

    Prof. Endre Sik

    Endre Sik is a research professor at the Institute for Sociology (HUN-REN CSS) and professor emeritus at the ELTE University, Budapest. His major research fields are migration, informal economy, network capital and xenophobia. Since 2005 Sik has been a member of the International Migration Research Network (IMISCOE). He is the member of various research committees in Hungary and was the president of the Hungarian Sociological Association. Over the past ten years he has been the head of research of several EU projects, including Concordia Discors, Euborderegions, STYLE (EU 7th Framework), and CEASEVAL and Bridges (Horizon2020).



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