Robert Kostro is a Polish historian and publicist. In the 1980s, he joined the opposition Young Poland Movement (Ruch Młodej Polski). In the 1990s, he worked as a journalist for several magazines. He was editor of the Kwartalnik Konserwatywny intellectual magazine.
In 1997, Mr Kostro was appointed director of the Department of Foreign Relations in the Office of the Prime Minister. He was later chief of staff for the minister of culture. In 2001, he was appointed deputy director of the Adam Mickiewicz Institute and commissioner-general of the Europalia 2001 Polska festival. He has been the founding director of the Polish History Museum since it opened in 2006. He is a member of advisory boards of several cultural institutions, including Ossolineum, the European Solidarity Centre and the Ulma Family Museum. He has published articles in numerous periodicals, including Życie, Rzeczpospolita, Gazeta Wyborcza, Więź and Przegląd Polityczny. He is the co-editor of a collection of essays entitled Pamięć i odpowiedzialność, which deals with the politics of memory.
Kostro is a member of the ENRS Advisory Board.